Ag. Ento. 4.3 Management of Beneficial Insects

  • Part I: Importance of beneficial Insects, Beekeeping, pollinating plant and their cycle, bee biology,species of honey bees, commercial methods of rearing, equipment used, seasonal management, bee enemies and diseases. Bee pasturage, bee foraging and communication. Division and uniting of honey bee boxes. Toxicity of pesticides to honey bees. Part II:Types of silkworm, voltinism and biology of silkworm. Mulberry/castor cultivation, mulberry varieties and methods of harvesting and preservation of leaves. Rearing and mounting larvae andharvesting of cocoons. Pest and diseases of silkworm andmanagement. Rearing appliances of mulberry silkworm and methods of disinfection. Part III: Species of lac insect, morphology, biology, host plant, lac production – seed lac, button lac, shellac, lac- products. Enemies of lac insects. Part IV: Identification of major parasitoids and predators commonly being used in biological control. Insect orders bearing predators and parasitoids used in pest control and their mass multiplication techniques. Important species of pollinator, weed killers and scavengers with their importance.

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