Statement and assumption

  • In a statement and assumption question, a statement is given in the question followed by a few assumptions made on the basis of them. Candidates need to pick the assumption which most appropriately and logically is correct.

Given below is a list of tips to solve the statement and assumption questions:

  • Read the statement with an approach that the assumptions would be true with regard to the statement
  • Do not go too logical with the statements. Analyse the information given and the assumption must only be made based on the information in the statement. Do not overcomplicate it 
  • Common assumptions can always be followed but other than that do not align the statement with General Knowledge or other facts
  • Use the elimination method if you are unable to apprehend the answer. Read the statement and then the assumptions given in the options, you shall notice that a few of them will most definitely not follow. Eliminate them and then choosing from lesser options may prove to be more convenient
  • One thing to make a note of is that the assumption is something which the Author believes to be true so while choosing the correct option, keep this thought in mind as well. If any option contradicts the statement, then that assumption will not follow.

Types of Statement and Assumption

  • Existence/Non – existence of the subject :- In this type of statement and assumption reasoning, the assumptions are normally simple in nature. Here the assumptions are usually existing or non existing types.
  • Cause Effect :- In this type of statement and assumption reasoning, some statements will be given, which will mention a cause and effect relationship. In this type of reasoning, words like “therefore”, “thus”, “hence”, etc. are used frequently. And it would be an assumption to say that “this cause leads to this effect.”
  • Course of action :- In this type of statement and assumption reasoning, a fact, report, observation, or study will be given followed by a suggested course of action.
  • Advertisement/Notice/Appeals :- In this type of statement and assumption reasoning, the statements given are usually in a form of an advertisement or an official notice or a notice issued in public interest or an appeal.


  • Give your answer as per below options:
      A) If only assumption 1 is implicit.
      B) If only assumption 2 is implicit.
      C) If neither 1 or 2 are implicit.
      D) If both 1 and 2 are implicit.

Q.1  Statement: “Please drop this letter in the letterbox,” Shyam said to his assistant.


1. The assistant knows the address where the letter needs to be sent.

2. The assistant will follow the instructions.

The correct answer is B.

Q.2  Statement: It is very dangerous to lean out of the moving train.


1. Those who lean out of the moving train runs the risk of getting hurt.

2. Generally, no person likes to get hurt.

The correct answer is A.

Q.3 Statement: “If you will trouble me, I will slap you” – A father warns his child.


1. Because of warning, the may child may stop troubling him.

2. All children are usually naughty.

The correct answer is A.