Directions sense test

•    Direction is the information contained in the relative position of one point with respect to another point without the distance information. Directions may be either relative to some indicated reference or absolute according to some previously agreed upon frame of reference.

Cardinal directions

• The four cardinal directions or cardinal points are:
1. North
2. East
3. South
4. West

Given below are a few important consideration that you have to remember:

Condition 1 :-- The Right and Left directional movement

• The right and left movement of a person is always with reference to the body moving in the scenario. It is not with respect to the person who is solving the questions.

Example 1:
• Mr Deepak Mohan walks 5 km towards the south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5 km. What direction is he facing right now?
A.West
B.South
C.North-East
D.South-West

Solution:

Example 2:
• Sowmya Krishnan walked 20 m towards the north. Then she turned right and walks 30 m. Then she turns right and walks 35 m. Then she turns left and walks 15 m. Finally she turns left and walks 15 m. In which direction and how many meters is she from the starting position?
A.15 m West
B.30 m East
C.30 m West
D.45 m East

Solution:

Condition 2 :-- The directional reference point

Example 3:

• Mrs.Veena wants to go to the Krishna Rajendra market. She moved northwards and after covering some distance turned left and moved 4 km and reached a crossing. The road in front of her led to Jaynagar while the road on to her left led to Bangalore Medical College and the road on to her right led to the Krishna Rajendra market. In which direction the Krishna Rajendra market is located with reference to the starting point?
A. West
B. North-West
C. South-West
D. East

Solution:  Option B is the correct answer

Condition 3 :-- The directions of sun rays and shadow

Example 4:
•   One morning after sunrise, Nandita and Ravi were sitting in a lawn with their backs towards each other. Nandita’s shadow fell exactly towards her left-hand side. Which direction was Ravi facing?
A. East
B. West
C. North
D. South
Solution:
• Since it was morning and Nandita’s shadow fell exactly to her left-hand side, Nandita was facing North and hence Ravi should be facing South. Hence the answer is option D.

Condition 4 :-- Correct map v/s Wrong map
• This section involves the comparison of two maps between which one is definitely wrong. One has to find the correct direction in the wrong map by applying logical analysis.
Example 5:
• At a crossing, there was a direction pole, which was showing all the four correct directions. But due to the wind, it turns in such a manner that now West pointer is showing South. Harish went in the wrong direction thinking that he was travelling East. In what direction he was actually travelling?
A. South
B. North
C. West
D. East

Solution:
• The correct answer is option B, i.e., North.

Condition 5 :-- Directions in Clocks
• The direction in which the number ‘12’ exists was considered as the North for the reference. And all the remaining directions were marked accordingly. Hence, the numbers ‘3’, ‘6’ and ‘9’ were considered to be at East, South, and West, respectively.
Example 6:
• A clock is so placed that at 2:00 p.m. the minute hand points towards North-west. In which direction does the hour hand point at 6:00 p.m.?
A. North-West
B. West
C. North-East
D. South-East
Solution:
•    If the Minute hand is at 12 which is North-West, then at 6.00 p.m. the hour hand will be pointing at the number 6. Since the numbers 12 and 6 are exactly the opposite. The opposite of North-West should be South-East. Hence, option D is the correct answer.

Condition 6 :-- Directions in board games
• In this section, the directional concepts are applied to popular board games like Chess and Carrom board or Snake and ladder to solve the questions.
Example 7:
• A chess piece undergoes the following motion during the game. It starts from D-8, and reaches H-5, from there it reaches A-3, finally, it moves to the position H-8 and dies. In what direction the piece was when it died if the chess board is assumed to be placed in front of you?
Solution:
• The H-8 is the position where the chess piece died. If the chessboard is assumed to be placed in front of us, then the position H-8 will lie in between North and east. Hence, the answer is North-East.

Example 8:
• P, Q, R, and S are playing a game of carrom. P, R, and S, Q are partners. S is to the right of R who is facing west. Then Q is facing?
A. North
B. South
C. East
D. West

Solution:
• Since R is facing West and P is the partner of R P is facing East. Also, S is to the right of R, so S will be facing South and Q is the partner of S. Therefore, Q will face North. Hence, option A is the correct answer.

Condition 7 :-- Directions of Seating arrangement
• This section involves the combination of directional logic with the seating arrangement.

Example 9:
• J,K,L,M,N,O,P and R are eight huts. L is 2 km east of K. J is 1 km north of K and Q is 2 km south of J. P is 1 km west of Q while M is 3 km east of P and O is 2 km north of P. R is situated right in the middle of K and L while N is just in the middle of Q and M.

Distance between K and P is
A. 1.0km
B. 1.23 km
C. 1.41 km
D. 1.5 km

Solution:
• Since K and P forms the diagonal of the right angle triangle KQP the distance between KP is 1.41 km. Hence, option C is the correct answer.

Distance between K and R is:
A. 1.41 km
B. 3 km
C. 2 km
D. 1 km
Solution:
• Since R is in the middle of K and L which are 2 km apart. The distance between K and R is 1km. Hence, option D is the correct answer.