Assertion and Reason

Introduction

• This type of reasoning questions consists of two statements; an assertion (statement of fact) and a reason (explanation for the assertion). You have to determine whether each statement is correct. If both the statements are correct, you have to determine whether the reason supports the assertion. There will be four answer choices for the possible outcomes and you have to select the correct one.

1. Assertion: A simple statement
2. Reason: Reason is the explanation for the assertion.

Examples
• While answering these questions choose any of the following four responses
A. If both assertion and reason are true and the reason is correct explanation of assertion.
B. If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not a correct explanation of assertion.
C. If assertion is true and reason is false.
D. If both assertion and reason are false.

Q-1 Assertion: Insulators do not allow the flow of current through themselves.
Reason: They have no free charge carriers.
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D

Q-2 Assertion : If two parallel wires , hanging freely are connected to a battery in series , they come closer to each other.
Reason : Force of attraction acts between two wires crying charge
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D

Answer is (d) : when two long parallel wires are connected to battery in series they carry current in opposite direction and hence repel each other.

Q-3 Assertion (A): The body structure of the fish is in streamline manner.
Reason (R): It helps the fish to find its way inside the water.
(a) A
(b) B
(c) C
(d) D